Dalmatian Dog Breed Profile 101

dalmatian dog breed profile

Dog Breed Profiles : Dalmatian Dog Breed

Dalmatian dog breed dates back to the time 2000 BC and you may find them working with chariots in Ancient Greek, Egyptian civilizations. Dalmatians have been named after a place in Croatia, Dalmatia. Dalmatian dog breed has come a long long way, they have had been used as sheep herders, circus performers and war dogs. And now they are your average common house hold companion dogs.

This is the second publication of our new dog breed information series and Dalmatian dog breed has been selected as the preceding one. We will cover everything that is related to dalmatian dog breed. What they do ? Where do they come from? How compatible and compromising these dogs are, what do they eat ? How do they eat and how much they eat. Without taking anymore of your precious time, lets get to the business end of the discussion.



Second/Other Names : None

Breed History : Dalmatians have been around with us from 2000 BC and the oldest recorded evidence we have comes from the one of the only four Croatian historical cities, Dalmatia. The name of this breed is associated to the ancient city of Dalmatia.


Weight : An average dalmatian dog weighs 50 to 58 pounds, while a female dalmatian dog weighs around 50 to 55 pounds.

Height : An average dalmatian dog stands 23 to 24 inches tall, while an average female dog has a height between 21 to 22 inches.

Size Category : Medium Sized Dog Breed

dalmatian dog breed profileLife Span : 9 to 15 years long life span. Dalmatians have a bit shorter lifespan as compared to some very common dogs. Their average life expectancy ranges from 10 to 12 years, however a dalmatian suffering from diseases might not make double figures, while a healthy and well maintained dal can live up to 14-15 years, but chances are rare your dalmatian might survive for that long.

Exercise Rate : More than 2 hours per day, this is mainly down to their active and lively nature. Dalmatians have unbelievable stamina, they can travel for very long distances on a moderate pace. Not many dogs can match their endurance. All dal owners must ensure your pooch gets enough exercise, being a hunting dog they need to climb, jump and run to maintain their muscle strength.


Country Of Origin : Yugoslavia (Now divided into Bosnia & Herzegovina)

Energy : Highly active dogs

Suitable For Children : Yes, dalmatians are soft in nature and are absolutely no harm to kids. They have a very playful nature and don’t pose any threat to kids. However, there is always some nasty ones that are hard to control, but they are rare and overall dals are great companions for small children.

Personal Protection : Dalmatians have a medium personal protection capabilities, though they are hunting dogs in general but they are not very good at protecting themselves.

Guarding : Being a hunting and guard dog, dalmatian dogs are suitable option for guarding purpose.

Barking Tendency : One of my personal favorite thing about dalmatians is their low tendency to bark. They wouldn’t bark if they don’t need to. They are quite in nature but expressive through their body language, not by mouth.

Aggression Level : Dalmatian dog breed isn’t aggressive at all, they are cool in behavior and wouldn’t pounce upon others even if teased. They have a bold personality but there is no aggressiveness. This is one of the reason they aren’t good at protecting themselves.

Compatibility With Pets : Being very friendly and humble in nature, their compatibility with other pets is really impressive and very high. They get along well with other pets.

Transportability : Dalmatians are very compatible dogs, and they love travelling. Handful of dog breeds are very shy of travelling but this is certainly not the case with dalmatians.

dalmatian dog breed profileOverall Behavior : Dalmatian dog breed is a very nice and friendly breed, they are lively and determined. Their determination might cause some issues for you when it comes to training them, specially when you are trying to get rid of a bad habit. Dal owners must take care of their dogs in a much more protective way as dals often learn bad habits that can really become a headache for you. Dalmatians take their time to settle down and some if them might take even 1.5 to 2 years to properly settle down.


Average Per Week Cost On Food : $5.76-$11

Feeding Needs : Dalmatians are not frequent eaters, two meals per day is enough for them to carry out their daily activities. I have already written a very detailed piece of information on the best dog food for dalmatians, you must check it out. In my opinion, best dog food must have at least half of the calories coming from protein sources, fat is another very important part of the diet. Make sure you never ever feed onions to your dalmatian, they just don’t along well with them, in simple works dals are allergic to onions. Also, you must avoid feeding them scraps and foods with excessive amount of fillers.

Average Ownership  Cost : The price pretty much depends upon the condition of the pet, if he isn t de-wormed and neutered, the price will be different, if he had his heart-worm preventive shots and de-worming, then the price would be different.

Make sure you never ever buy a pet from a pet store, thats just a false approach. Don t buy from a breeder that isn t reputed, also avoid those breeders that haven t papered the parents.

On average, a young pup costs roughly around $350 to $500. While a grown male/female adult dalmatian dog costs somewhere between $850 to $1100. But these prices are rough figures, they are subject to change on base of location and physical characteristics.

Litter Size : The average litter size is around 8, at max it can be near 11-13. Breeding dalmatians has its complications so, it is better to leave it to the genetic experts.

Medical Expenses : Dals are active dogs, and they like to climb and jump which makes them prone to accidents. So, you might have to pay for medical care, better get an insurance if your dog is prone to accidents.

Health Issues : One of the most common problem present in aging dalmatians is Deafness, furthermore they are prone to kidney problems, especially bladder and they should never be confined to a crate for too long.

Common Health Issues : Deafness, Bladder Issues, Hypopigmentation
dalmatian dog infographic


Coat : Smooth with a short length

Shedding : Dalmatians have moderate rate of shedding

Allergies : Dals are moderately prone to allergies

Color : Dominant white color with black spots.


History : The origin of dalmatian dog breed dates back to 2000 BC. They have been pictorially present in ancient graphic art.


Dalmatian Dog was officially registered by American Kennel Club in 1888.

Dalmatian is 64th most popular Dog breed, as per the American Kennel Club (AKC).

Recommendation About Dalmatian Dogs

I would definitely recommend a dalmatian to others, only because of the their active nature and friendly behavior, if trained and groomed properly, a dalmatian is the best choice for your family. Would you recommend a damatian dog breed? Do let us know.



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Hi, I am Jeni Peterson and I’m a graduate of Florida Medical College with a degree in Rehab Work. Our sole motive is to provide “Quality Information” to the online community seeking answers to their everyday issues related to pets.