Acute Renal Failure in Dogs

acute renal failure in dogs

Your pooch’s kidney is as important to him as yours kidney is to you, the anatomy of dog’s kidney is nearly same as humans and it is very important for carrying out the bodily operations. Kidney holds a very significant place in the hierarchy of important organs, as it is responsible for removing toxic waste produced by metabolic system and regulates the body’s hormones. When the kidney fails, the toxic waste isn’t removed from the body. The word “Acute” refers to the kidney problems that develop very quickly.

When the kidney fails, the other bodily functions are also severely affected and as a result the whole working of the body suffers the impact. Moreover, if the kidney continues to underperform for longer periods of time, this can develop into Chronic Kidney Failure.

DO YOU KNOW THAT A KIDNEY DISEASE REMAINS UNDETECTED UNTIL NEARLY 70% OF THE KIDNEY HAS LOST ITS STRENGTH AND IS NO LONGER FUNCTIONAL ANYMORE.

acute renal failure in dogs
constant examinations and medication can slow down the process of acute renal failure

Acute renal failure in dogs isnt entirely a breed specific disease, but there are few breeds that are more affected than the others. Mostly this disease is found in older dogs, though I have seen some cases in young dogs, but mostly it is more evident in senior dogs.

Causes of Acute Kidney Failure in Dogs

There are no specific causes behind this diseases, mostly it attacks the dogs way past their prime. However, we can still single out individual events that can lead to the cause of acute renal failure.

  • Trauma
  • Medication (side effects)
  • Poisoning
  • Infection (Bacteria)
  • Blockage of Urinary Duct (stones, tumors)

Signs & Symptoms

It is really difficult to detect the kidney failure issues in dogs at early stages, so you may not be aware of the disease at any particular time. The most evident and common symptoms of acute kidney failure are

  • Weakness
  • Weight Loss
  • Vomiting
  • Lack of Appetite
  • Urination Issues (Increase or Decrease)
  • Increased or Decreased Thirst
  • Dehydration
  • Lethargic Behavior

acute renal failure in dogsIn earlier stages, the urine amount decreases while in later stages of the disease you’ll notice lethargy and excessive thirst, a possible loss of fluid levels resulting in dehydration. In severe conditions the pet might stop urinating at all. The stomach ulcers start to develop and vomiting is quite common.

Any of these symptoms are indications of extremely serious diseases and if you find them in your pooch, immediately contact your vet for comprehensive medical examinations.

DO YOU KNOW THAT ONE OF THE MOST COMMON POISONS FOR DOGS IS ANTIFREEZE THAT CONTAINS ETHYLENE GLYCOL WHICH IS VERY TOXIC TO KIDNEYS.

Diagnosis

The very first thing to do is complete blood sampling and profiling in addition to urine tests. Radiography and Ultrasound is used to determine the exact cause of the renal failure. In very cases the vets are able to determine what might have caused the kidney failure, there is also a possibility that vets may not ever find the reason behind the failure.

Related: Low Protein Dog Food and Kidney Diseases

Treatment for Acute Renal Failure in Dogs

The very first phase of treatment involves the restoration of the body fluid levels, for this purpose the intravenous fluids are used. They flush out the toxic substances out of the body, during this whole fluid therapy vets completely monitor the urination and urine production process. Vets may recommend more potent fluid therapy if the urine production level isn’t as per their requirements.

acute renal failure in dogs
Pets in their later stages of the disease often resist to eat their food

Antacids are used for resolving gastric issues, as kidney issues results in excessive gastric acid production. Vets often use feeding tube to fulfill the body’s requirements as the effected pets often refuse to eat their food. Antibiotics are used if there is a suspicion of an infection that caused the renal failure. Acute kidney failure in dogs changes its conditions abruptly, so there is a need of constant monitoring.

DO YOU KNOW NEARLY 60 PERCENT OF DOGS WITH ACUTE RENAL FAILURE EVENTUALLY SURRENDER THEIR LIFE TO THIS DEADLY DISEASE.

Bottom line

Acute Renal Failure in Dogs remain a fatal disease despite of all the technological advancements in medical care. Whatever is done to prevent this disease is insufficient because even if your pet recovers, it shall not recover completely. The recovery can only be to some extent, this disease only require constant medication and ongoing care.

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Hi, I am Jeni Peterson and I’m a graduate of Florida Medical College with a degree in Rehab Work. Our sole motive is to provide “Quality Information” to the online community seeking answers to their everyday issues related to pets.

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